Cultivation Management of Theobroma bicolor Hump & Bonpl and Theobroma cacao L. and Cadmium Mitigation
Luis Vásquez Cortez
Luis Vásquez Cortez
From May 12 to September 21, 2023
Develop strategies for the cultivation of (Theobroma bicolor Hump & Bonpl) and (Theobroma cacao L.), and implement cadmium mitigation measures
Target avg age
Sustainable Development Goal
Education and Economic Empowerment
Promote knowledge and techniques for the cultivation of cocoa and Mocambo, as well as provide methodologies for the mitigation of heavy metals, while also delivering some T.Bicolor plants to farmers
Learn and seek solutions in the field of the cocoa processing chain and mitigation of cadmium in cocoa kernels and the Reforestation of the material to have a collection of Theobroma Bicolor for farmers in the Quevedo sector, promoting the research and scientific part in the town of Quevedo
The results of this project were the conservation of this endangered species, which resulted in the delivery of approximately 400 Theobroma bicolor plants in various sectors of Los Ríos such as Finca las Juanas, Finca la Lola, and in the Chone sector, and to The members of the Cantonal Agricultural Center of Quevedo have been developing training, workshops, conferences, high-impact scientific articles with affiliation to the JCI QUEVEDO, we have carried out research to mitigate the problem of cadmium contamination in cocoa beans, which generates sensory improvement and also improvement in fermentation, avoiding losses and taking advantage of raw materials to produce agro-industrial and entrepreneurial products, we have had an alliance with the National Institute of Agricultural Research (INIAP), Inter-American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture (IICA), Center Cantonal Agriculture of Quevedo, Technical University of Manabí (UTM) and Eloy Alfaro Lay University of Manabí (ULEAM), 4 scientific investigations have been carried out such as:
USE OF MOCAMBO COCOA MUCILAGE (Theobroma bicolor Hump & Bonpl. L) TO OBTAIN NECTAR
POST HARVEST AND CHARACTERIZATION OF MOCAMBO COCOA (Theobroma bicolor Hump & Bonpl. L) AND ITS EFFECT ON QUALITY
EVALUATION OF MOUNTAIN COCOA HUSK (Theobroma bicolor Humb & Bonp L) FOR OBTAINING AN INFUSION”
“PRODUCING CHOCOLATE BARS FROM MOUNTAIN COCOA ALMONDS (Theobroma bicolor Hump & Bonpl L.) WITH THE ADDITION OF DEHYDRATED ORANGE (Citrus x sinesis) AND MANGO (Magnifera indica) FRUIT PASTE”
Encourage the adoption of sustainable management practices that include soil conservation, reforestation and agroforestry to promote biodiversity and reduce erosion.
Implement a crop rotation system that includes varieties of Theobroma bicolor and Theobroma cacao, which helps improve soil health and reduce pest and disease pressure.
Train farmers in integrated pest and disease management, thereby reducing the need for chemical pesticides and minimizing environmental risks.
Promote cadmium mitigation practices in critical stages of cultivation, such as the fermentation of cocoa beans, to reduce the absorption and accumulation of cadmium.
Promote the use of organic fertilizers instead of chemical fertilizers, which reduces soil pollution and improves soil health.
Establish a regular monitoring program of soil and water quality in growing areas to detect possible problems of cadmium accumulation and contamination early.
Provide ongoing training to farmers and agricultural stakeholders on the latest sustainable and cadmium mitigation practices, keeping them up to date on the best available techniques.
Promote collaboration between farmers, cooperatives, research institutions and regulatory authorities to ensure compliance with quality and safety standards.
Use local communication channels to disseminate information on sustainable and cadmium mitigation practices, including community radio and informational workshops.
Continue research on the absorption and accumulation of cadmium in plants and soils, to continue improving mitigation strategies.
These recommendations will promote the sustainable management of Theobroma bicolor and Theobroma cacao crops, while reducing cadmium accumulation and improving the quality and safety of agricultural products.